A school governance is a government for the school, which is like the US government, except it is modified for the school's needs. It includes all the principles, models, and practices that enable a school district board to effective direct the workings of the schools within its boundaries. It should focus on defining the vision and strategic objectives for the District, with actual implementation of those strategies reserved to the Superintendent and the Principals of local schools.
School governace is complicated by the fact that under the Brown Act schools boards must operate under the public eye. Parents are rightfully concerned about the direction and operation of the schools where their children attend, and the public is quite uneven in its understanding of the mechanisms of effective governance.